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Ergonomics in the bathroom

Ergonomics in the bathroom – find out how to design modern bathrooms

Ergonomics in the bathroom – find out how to design modern bathrooms

The bathroom is one of the most demanding rooms in the home – when designing a bathroom, we need to keep many things in mind. For the bathroom to be not only beautiful, but also functional, it is worth considering such issues as ergonomics.

Creating the optimal space that meets your requirements and physiological, psychological or social needs is the main message that should guide your choices when arranging interiors, including of course bathrooms. The principles determining how to do it wisely are defined by ergonomics – the number, size and placement of the equipment is not without significance. How we plan the height or the spacing of the necessary elements of equipment determines the quality of our life – after all, the bathroom is a place where we spend a lot of time.

Bathroom design – basic questions

The bathroom, due to its usually small area and the need to reconcile many different functions, needs exceptional attention to detail. Therefore, before we start a project, we should determine the basic issues: who will use it, how old the family members are (whether there are older people or children are already older) and how this will change in the coming years. The number of household members is also important, because what seems optimal in the bathroom for a single family may not work for a larger family at all. If, for example, more than five people are using the bathroom, it is worth considering designing a separate toilet. The gender of the household members is also important – this is usually combined with specific preferences regarding, for example, the choice between a bath and a shower or the relevance of appropriate lighting at the bathroom mirror.

The height counts

Clarifying your needs is extremely important. Then comes the time of confrontation with reality. One of the most important issues when setting up a friendly bathroom space is, for example, the height at which we place individual elements of equipment. And here you must keep even the smallest details in mind, such as fittings. We use it several times a day, so it cannot be too high or too low. The optimal height on which a wall basin faucet should be located is 25-30 cm above the top edge of the washbasin (which in turn is best placed 80-85 cm above the floor). The indispensable element of this zone, i.e. a bathroom mirror, should be moved away to a distance of 10-15 cm from the faucet so as not to limit its movements. We usually operate the bathtub fittings from a sitting position, that's why it should hang 10-18 cm above the edge of the bathtub, which ends 60 cm above the floor. The height of 110-130 cm is an ideal place for a shower mixer, while its head should be located no higher than 180 cm from the floor. The standard height for a very fashionable rain shower is 2 m, measured from the bottom of the shower tub.
How and where the hanging toilet bowl in mounted also determines our comfort. The upper edge of the toilet bowl and bidet should be located at a height of 40 cm, and the urinal – 65 cm above the floor.

Modern bathrooms and functional space

Squeezing between the equipment or hitting your elbow against the wall while washing your hands is certainly not comfortable. To avoid such situations, when designing the space, we must also take optimal distances into account. If you manage to find space for two washbasins in the bathroom, then a 30 cm gap between them is the absolute minimum. The washbasin should be located at a similar distance from the wall or shower. A little less, i.e. 20 cm, is enough if we place it next to a toilet bowl or bathtub. In the latter case, it is also permissible to install it next to the bathtub in such a way that the edges of the bathtub and washbasin are convergent or the edge of the washbasin is hanging up to 5 cm above the edge of the bathtub.

Ergonomics in the bathroom 3
Ergonomics in the bathroom 4

Optimal access

What else can you do to have free access to equipment that facilitates not only using them, but also cleaning them? Provide appropriate access, i.e. an optimal area in front. Ideally, leave a 100 x 70 cm free floor rectangle in front of the washbasin and the bidet. The functional area in front of the toilet bowl is 80 x 65-85 cm, and in case of the shower it is 80-100 x 90-110 cm. To enter the bathtub without problems, provide yourself a space of 100-120 x 70-100 cm.

Ergonomics in the bathroom 5
Ergonomics in the bathroom 6

A bathroom tailored to your needs

Not as black as it is painted! The bathroom can (and should) be both functional and ... beautiful. It's enough to design everything well – arrange the equipment properly, taking into account the entire technical infrastructure and your needs. This will create a solid base for the entire arrangement. After that, it's enough to let your aesthetic imagination run wild. Effect? A beautiful, functional and trouble-free bathroom for years.

Ergonomics in the bathroom 8
Ergonomics in the bathroom 9

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